Online Owner's Manual

Date of printing:

10/31/2014

Online Owner's Manual [In depth | Mode | Service products]

Owner's Manual version: K 09/10

Note: The online Owner's Manual is the latest version available. Deviations between this manual and items specific to your vehicle may occur since Mercedes-Benz constantly adapts its vehicles to the latest technology and modifies design and equipment. Please note that this online Owner's Manual does not under any circumstances replace the printed Owner's Manual which is supplied with the vehicle.

Service products

General notes

Service products include the following:

  • Brake fluid

  • fuel

  • lubricants (e.g. engine oil, transmission oil, hydraulic fluid, grease)

  • antifreeze, coolant

Approved service products comply with the highest quality standards and are listed in the Mercedes-Benz Specifications for Service Products. Only use service products approved for the vehicle. This is an important condition for the implied warranty.

You can recognise service products approved by Mercedes-Benz by the following labels:

  • MB Approval xxx.x (for example, MB Approval 228.5)

    or

  • MB-Freigabe xxx.x

Other labels and recommendations indicating the quality or a specification are not necessarily approved by Mercedes-Benz. Information on approved service products can be obtained at any Mercedes-Benz Service Centre and on the Internet at: http://bevo.mercedes-benz.com/

No additives are required or permitted for approved service products (apart from approved flow improvers). Additives can cause engine damage and must therefore not be added to the fuel or lubricants.

The use of additives is always the responsibility of the vehicle operator. The use of additives may result in the restriction or loss of your implied warranty entitlements.

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WARNING

Service products are hazardous to health. They contain toxic and caustic substances.

Service products are highly flammable.

For this reason, observe the following instructions to prevent injuries to yourself and others:

  • Do not inhale the vapours. When indoors, always ensure there is sufficient ventilation to prevent intoxication.

  • Do not let service products come into contact with skin, eyes or clothing. Should contact occur, however, clean the affected areas of skin with water to prevent caustic burns and other injuries.

    In the event of eye contact, wash eyes thoroughly with plenty of clean water.

  • Fire, naked flames and smoking are forbidden when handling service products due to their high flammability.

  • Observe the usage and warning notices on the containers.

Environmental note

Dispose of service products in an environmentally responsible manner.

Brake fluid

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WARNING

Brake fluid is hazardous to health. Do not swallow brake fluid. See a doctor immediately if you swallow brake fluid.

Make sure that brake fluid does not come into contact with skin, clothing or eyes. Rinse affected areas with plenty of clean water and consult a doctor if necessary.

Always wear gloves and eye protection when topping up brake fluid.

Store brake fluid only in the original closed container and keep it out of the reach of children. Comply with safety regulations when handling brake fluid.

Use only approved brake fluids that comply with the Mercedes-Benz Specifications for Service Products. Information on approved brake fluids for your vehicle can be found in the Maintenance Booklet. You must pay attention to the boiling point (DOT 4 plus).

Over a period of time, the brake fluid absorbs moisture from the air. This reduces its boiling point.

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WARNING

If the boiling point of the brake fluid is too low, vapour pockets may form in the brake system when the brakes are subjected to a heavy load (e.g. on long downhill stretches). This would impair braking efficiency. The vehicle's stopping distance may then be longer. This increases the risk of an accident.

Every 2 years, have the brake fluid renewed with a brake fluid approved by Mercedes-Benz and have this confirmed in the Maintenance Booklet.

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There is usually a notice in the engine compartment to remind you when the next brake fluid change is due.

Engine oils

Use only approved engine oil that complies with the Mercedes-Benz Specifications for Service Products.

Engine oils approved by Mercedes-Benz are indicated as such by featuring the Sheet No. under the "MB-Approval" notice on the oil canister. Information on approved engine oils for your vehicle can be found in the Maintenance Booklet.

These engine oils are of high quality and have a beneficial effect on:

  • engine wear

  • fuel consumption

  • exhaust gas emissions

Multi-grade engine oils of the prescribed SAE class (viscosity) may be used all year round, taking the outside temperatures into account. The oil change intervals may be shortened depending on the sulphur content of the fuel more.

Observe the data in the Maintenance Booklet.

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Using engine oils of another grade quality is not permitted and may lead to a loss of your implied warranty entitlements.

Oil change

Oil change intervals depend on the vehicle's operating conditions and the quality of the engine oil used.

The on-board computer automatically shows the date for the next oil change as an event message in the display.

Select the SAE class (viscosity) of the engine oil in accordance with the outside temperature.

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If the SAE viscosity class of the engine oil used does not cover the outside temperature range in which you are operating the vehicle, it must be changed in good time, in particular before the cold season commences. Using an engine oil that does not have adequate temperature characteristics can lead to engine damage.

The temperature range information of the SAE classification always refers to that of fresh oil. The temperature characteristics of the engine oil may deteriorate significantly due to ageing in use, especially at low outside temperatures.

For this reason, Mercedes-Benz recommends that the engine oil be changed before the cold season commences. Use an approved engine oil of the specified SAE class.

images/img005f875c9676291d351f19156ac955a9_1_--_--_JPG72.jpgEngine oil SAE classification
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Only by using engine oil with a particularly high quality grade, e.g. according to Sheet number 228.51 of the Mercedes-Benz Specifications for Service Products, can the maximum interval for oil change be achieved.

Mercedes-Benz recommends that you only top up with engine oil of the same quality grade and SAE class as used when the engine oil was last changed.

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Do not add too much oil when topping up. Topping up with too much oil can result in damage to the engine or the catalytic converter. Have excess oil siphoned off.

Miscibility of engine oils

If, in exceptional cases, oil of the type in the engine is not available, top up using another approved mineral or synthetic engine oil.

Engine oils are differentiated according to:

  • engine oil brand

  • quality grade (sheet number)

  • SAE class (viscosity)

Subsequently have the engine oil changed at the earliest possible opportunity.

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Mixing oils reduces the benefits of using high grade engine oils.

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The sheet number (quality grade) and the SAE classification (viscosity) can be found on the designation on the oil container.

Coolant

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WARNING

Coolant contains glycol and is therefore toxic. Do not swallow the coolant. See a doctor immediately if you swallow coolant.

Make sure that coolant does not come into contact with skin, eyes or clothing. In case of contact with eyes, rinse immediately with plenty of clean water. Clean affected areas of skin and clothing with soap and water immediately. Change any affected clothing immediately.

To prevent damage to the cooling system, use only approved anti-corrosion/antifreeze agents that comply with the Mercedes-Benz Specifications for Service Products. You will find information about approved anti-corrosion/antifreeze agents for your vehicle in the Maintenance Booklet.

A coolant is filled at the factory which guarantees antifreeze and anti-corrosion protection.

Coolant is a mixture of water and antifreeze/corrosion inhibitor.

In the coolant, the antifreeze/corrosion inhibitor is responsible for:

  • corrosion protection

  • antifreeze protection

  • raising the boiling point

The coolant must remain in the cooling system all year round for corrosion protection purposes and to increase the boiling point - even in countries with hot climates.

Check the antifreeze/corrosion inhibitor concentration in the coolant every six months.

Have the coolant renewed every 15 years.

When renewing the coolant, the coolant may contain 50 % by volume of anti-corrosion/antifreeze agent. This provides antifreeze protection down to -37 °C .

Do not exceed a proportion of 55 % by volume (antifreeze protection down to approximately -45 °C ), as otherwise heat dissipation is reduced.

If there is a loss of coolant, do not replenish with water only, but also add an approved corrosion inhibitor/antifreeze agent. The water in the coolant must meet certain requirements, which are often fulfilled by drinking water. If the water quality is not sufficient, you must treat the water.

Observe the Mercedes-Benz Specifications for Service Products, Sheet No. 310.1.

Further information on the operating reliability and road safety of your vehicle can be obtained from any Mercedes-Benz Service Centre.

Coolant additive without antifreeze protection

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As an exception, if antifreeze protection is not required (e.g. in countries with continuously hot climates), it is permissible to add a coolant additive in accordance with Sheet No. 312.0 of the Mercedes-Benz Specifications for Service Products instead of a corrosion inhibitor/antifreeze agent.

Improvers (corrosion-inhibiting oils) are not permitted.

In this case, renew the coolant annually.

Further information about the necessary water quality and approved coolant additives without antifreeze properties can be obtained from all Mercedes-Benz Service Centres.

Fuel

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WARNING

Fuel is highly flammable. Fire, naked flames and smoking as well as the use of auxiliary heaters (sparks) are therefore prohibited when handling fuel.

Switch off the engine and the auxiliary heating before refuelling.

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WARNING

Do not come into contact with fuels.

It is hazardous to your health if your skin comes into direct contact with fuels or you breathe in fuel vapours.

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If you are refuelling the vehicle from drums or canisters, filter the fuel before refuelling.

This prevents malfunctions in the fuel system caused by contaminated fuel.

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Fuel filter with water separator: Mercedes-Benz recommends fitting a fuel filter with water separator if you mainly operate your vehicle in countries with increased water content in the diesel. You can obtain information about this from any Mercedes-Benz Service Centre.

Fuel for petrol engines

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Only refuel with unleaded premium grade petrol with a minimum octane number of 95 RON/85 MON, which complies with European standard EN 228 (or a similar national fuel standard for unleaded petrol).

If required, use only approved fuel additives.

There is otherwise a risk of impaired engine performance or engine damage. The use of special additives is always the responsibility of the vehicle operator and may result in the restriction or loss of your implied warranty entitlements.

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You will generally find information about the fuel grade on the filling pump. Otherwise, ask the filling station attendant.

If the recommended fuel is not available, you may, but only as a temporary measure, use regular unleaded petrol, 91 RON/82.5 MON. This may reduce the engine's performance and increase fuel consumption. Avoid driving at full throttle.

Fuel for diesel engines

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Only refuel using commercially-available automotive diesel fuel that conforms to the European standard EN 590 (or equivalent national fuel standards). Fuels such as alternative fuels (bio-diesel), marine diesel, heating oil etc. are not permitted.

If required, use only approved fuel additives.

There is otherwise a risk of impaired engine performance or engine and catalytic converter damage. The use of fuel additives is always the responsibility of the vehicle operator and may result in the restriction or loss of your implied warranty entitlements.

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You can obtain information about modification options for operation with bio-diesel fuel from any Mercedes-Benz Service Centre.

Fuel grade
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You will generally find information about the fuel grade on the filling pump. Otherwise, ask the filling station attendant.

Mercedes-Benz recommends having the engine oil changed at more frequent intervals in countries where diesel fuel has a sulphur content exceeding 0.3% by weight.

Observe the data in the Maintenance Booklet.

The following table is an overview of the average sulphur content in percentage by weight in fuels in the countries concerned. You may obtain information about current country-specific fuel sulphur contents from any Mercedes-Benz Service Centre.

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Diesel fuel with differing fuel sulphur content is available in some countries. Diesel fuel with lower fuel sulphur content is sold in some countries under the name of '"Euro diesel".

Table of fuel sulphur content (as at March 2008)

Fuel sulphur content

Continent

Country

Percentage by weight

Europe, CIS

Albania[1][2], Armenia[1], Azerbaijan[1], Austria, Belarus[1], Belgium, Bosnia and Herzegovina[1], Bulgaria, Croatia[1] [2], Czech Republic, Cyprus, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Georgia[1] [2], Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Macedonia[1] [2], Malta, Moldova[2], Montenegro[1], Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Serbia[1], Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkmenistan[2], Turkey[1] [2], United Kingdom, Ukraine[1] [2]

0...0.1

Albania, Georgia, Macedonia, Moldova, Russia, Ukraine[2], Uzbekistan[2]

0.1...0.3

Croatia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, Uzbekistan

0.3...0.8

Australia, Oceania

Australia, French Polynesia, New Zealand

0...0.1

Fiji, New Caledonia

0.3...0.8

Asia

Bangladesh, Bhutan, Brunei, Cambodia, China[2], Hong Kong, India, Japan, Laos, Nepal, Philippines, Singapore, Sri Lanka, South Korea, Taiwan, Thailand

0...0.1

China, Indonesia, Malaysia, Mongolia, Tadzhikistan

0.1...0.3

Myanmar (Burma), Pakistan, Vietnam

0.3...0.8

Southwest Asia, Middle East

Israel, Qatar, Lebanon[1], Oman[1], Palestine, West Bank

0...0.1

Oman, United Arab Emirates

0.1...0.3

Bahrain, Kuwait, Lebanon, Saudi Arabia, Syria

0.3...0.8

Iraq, Iran, Jordan, Yemen

0.8...

North America

Canada, Mexico, USA

0...0.1

Central America, South America, Caribbean

Argentina[3][2], Bolivia, Brazil[2], Chile

0...0.1

Argentina, Brazil, Colombia, Costa Rica, Ecuador, Suriname, Trinidad and Tobago, Uruguay

0.1...0.3

Dominican Republic, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Cuba, Panama, Peru, Venezuela

0.3...0.8

Africa

Algeria, Egypt, Morocco[1] [2], South Africa

0...0.1

Angola, Morocco[2], Mauritius, Tunisia

0.1...0.3

Benin, Ghana, Kenya, Libya, Malawi, Mali, Mozambique, Nigeria, Senegal, Tanzania, Zambia

0.3...0.8

Congo, Ethiopia, Burkina Faso, Ghana, Kenya, Madagascar, Morocco, Sudan, Uganda

0.8...

Diesel at low temperatures

At very low outside temperatures, paraffin may separate from the diesel fuel and prevent it from flowing freely.

To prevent operating problems, diesel with better flow qualities is offered during the winter months.

In Germany, the winter diesel fuels available remain reliable in operation down to about -20 °C. Winter diesel, which can be used without difficulties at the temperatures normally encountered, is available in most countries.

Fuel additives

Flow improvers are fuel additives that are used to improve the flow characteristics of diesel fuels.

Flow improver is not guaranteed to be effective with every fuel. Observe the manufacturer's recommendations. Information about approved flow improver can be obtained from any Mercedes-Benz Service Centre.

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Do not use fuel additives (with the exception of flow improvers), since this could lead to malfunctions or engine damage. Damage caused by the use of such additives is not covered by the Mercedes-Benz implied warranty.

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Do not add any petrol or kerosene to the diesel fuel to improve flow characteristics. Petrol or kerosene reduces the lubricant properties of the diesel fuel. This can result in damage to the fuel injection system, for example.

If you are using summer-grade diesel or winter-grade diesel with less resistance to low temperatures (for example, in southern Europe), add a quantity of flow improver appropriate for the outside temperature.

Add this additive to the diesel in good time, i.e. before the flow properties of the diesel are affected by paraffin separation. Malfunctions caused by paraffin separation can only be rectified by heating the entire fuel system, e.g. by parking the vehicle in a heated garage.

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WARNING

Heating the fuel system with a hot-air gun, for example, can damage parts of the fuel system. This can cause fuel to escape, ignite and cause a fire.

Never heat the fuel system with a hot-air gun or naked flame.

The vehicle is equipped with a fuel preheating system. This improves the flow properties of the diesel by an additional 8 °C.

Notes

[1]
Diesel fuels with the sales designation "Euro diesel" only.
[2]
Diesel fuels with a higher fuel sulphur content are also available.
[3]
Shell Pura only.

Date of printing:

10/31/2014

Online Owner's Manual [In depth | Mode | Service products]

Owner's Manual version: K 09/10

Note: The online Owner's Manual is the latest version available. Deviations between this manual and items specific to your vehicle may occur since Mercedes-Benz constantly adapts its vehicles to the latest technology and modifies design and equipment. Please note that this online Owner's Manual does not under any circumstances replace the printed Owner's Manual which is supplied with the vehicle.